The puppy you have chosen, in addition to instincts and temperament features, already has its own life experience. While it is still very small, but it already includes communication with both like oneself and with a person. The little doggie well understood that mom is food, warmth, care and protection. Brothers and sisters are not only partners in games, but also competitors, in communication with whom hierarchical behavior is first demonstrated. Puppies also perceive the familiar people who look after the bitch and her litter positively – as a source of food, attention, affection and fun.
It is proved that tiny puppies remember the touch of a person’s hands, its smell and warmth from the very first days of life. On the contrary, having received pain and discomfort from a person, babies begin to avoid it, reacting as a potential threat. In other words, the very first communication experience is of great importance for the formation of the necessary mental reactions and positive interaction with a person. Therefore, as I said, it is important to choose the right not only a good puppy, but also a worthy breeder. Continue reading
The responsible breeder is obliged to prepare the bitch for future motherhood by conducting antihelminthic therapy (deworming) and vaccination against infectious diseases a month before the alleged estrus. At the same time, born puppies receive, with the first portion of mother’s milk (colostrum), the most important basis for passive clostral immunity – ready-made antibodies that protect them during infancy. Thanks to this natural mechanism, the safety of suckling puppies from viruses and bacteria is ensured. If the necessary vaccinations have not been given to the mother, the amount of antibodies (antibody titer) in the puppies’ blood is markedly reduced, which affects the viability of the babies.
At the age of 4 to 12 weeks, the puppy’s immune system goes through a critical period of development. The number of immune bodies transmitted with breast milk (colostrum) is gradually decreasing, while their own immune defenses are not yet fully formed. In such a vulnerable condition, the baby stays until the full program of preventive vaccinations, which the owner of the puppy is required to complete, is completed. Continue reading