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The responsible breeder is obliged to prepare the bitch for future motherhood by conducting antihelminthic therapy (deworming) and vaccination against infectious diseases a month before the alleged estrus. At the same time, born puppies receive, with the first portion of mother’s milk (colostrum), the most important basis for passive clostral immunity – ready-made antibodies that protect them during infancy. Thanks to this natural mechanism, the safety of suckling puppies from viruses and bacteria is ensured. If the necessary vaccinations have not been given to the mother, the amount of antibodies (antibody titer) in the puppies’ blood is markedly reduced, which affects the viability of the babies.
At the age of 4 to 12 weeks, the puppy’s immune system goes through a critical period of development. The number of immune bodies transmitted with breast milk (colostrum) is gradually decreasing, while their own immune defenses are not yet fully formed. In such a vulnerable condition, the baby stays until the full program of preventive vaccinations, which the owner of the puppy is required to complete, is completed. Continue reading
From birth, puppies feed on breast milk. This life-giving drink entirely ensures their development and growth over several weeks. Gradually, complementary foods are introduced into the diet of babies. Some breeders use boiled cow’s milk, and then rare semolina; others recommend feeding dogs from childhood ready-made on dry ready-made diets; the third, in the future, does not recognize anything other than raw meat as the first food and main food.
According to scientists studying animal physiology, the puppy’s digestive system is not yet fully formed during excommunication; it is not able to absorb large amounts of feed and is not able to properly digest starch. Puppies should not be offered large pieces of meat, fed cold, hot, salty, fatty foods, as well as food with a high content of indigestible fiber. If these requirements are not taken into account, then symptomatic digestive problems can develop into chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Continue reading