In practice, the following training methods are used:
mechanical: a conditioned stimulus is reinforced by mechanical action. The team is combined with stroking, pressing with a hand on the sacrum, etc.
tasteful: team and reward (delicacy);
contrast: a combination of a conditioned stimulus with a mechanical and then food stimulus;
mimetic: based on the innate ability of animals to mimic the actions of another animal.
In the process of training, animals develop automatism in actions, but new skills, unlike inborn ones, are not so resistant and require constant training.
The entire process of dog training can conditionally be divided into three stages: Continue reading
You have acquired a puppy, thereby taking responsibility for his life and health. Even the breeder – the owner of the mother of your pet – you should ask if he was given preventive vaccinations, whether he was given anthelmintic (against worms) drugs. If you have already been vaccinated, ask for a veterinary card. As a rule, puppies are given to the new owner at the age of one month (1.5 months for small decorative breeds).
At this time, the dog still retains the immunity transmitted from the mother along with milk. However, do not delay the implementation of preventive measures. Let the puppy get comfortable in the new house for 2-3 days and take it to the city or district veterinary clinic. It is there, and not with a private veterinarian, that you will be issued a veterinary passport of an international standard, which will subsequently give you the opportunity to travel with your pet, not only in the car, but also on the train and plane. This document marks all vaccinations given to your dog. On the basis of it, a carriage certificate is issued for trips to exhibitions and on personal needs to other cities and countries. Continue reading
Leptospirosis is an infectious disease in animals. They can be sick with birds, cats, mice, rats, minks, foxes, arctic foxes and even humans. Dogs are most susceptible to this disease.
Most often, leptospirosis in dogs occurs at a young age, when the puppy’s immunity has not formed completely. The carriers of the disease can be both domestic and wild animals. In the city, your pet can become infected by mice, rats, stray dogs and cats. In diseased animals, the causative agents of leptospirosis (leptospira) can be found in the lungs, urine, feces, milk, semen, and saliva. Standing out from the body of sick animals, leptospira enter the water, soil, feed, on the litter, leash or collar. The infection enters the dog’s body by entering the mucous membrane of the eyes, through the nasal and oral cavities, after consuming milk from a sick mother. Continue reading