Leptospirosis in dogs
Leptospirosis is an infectious disease in animals. They can be sick with birds, cats, mice, rats, minks, foxes, arctic foxes and even humans. Dogs are most susceptible to this disease.
Most often, leptospirosis in dogs occurs at a young age, when the puppy’s immunity has not formed completely. The carriers of the disease can be both domestic and wild animals. In the city, your pet can become infected by mice, rats, stray dogs and cats. In diseased animals, the causative agents of leptospirosis (leptospira) can be found in the lungs, urine, feces, milk, semen, and saliva. Standing out from the body of sick animals, leptospira enter the water, soil, feed, on the litter, leash or collar. The infection enters the dog’s body by entering the mucous membrane of the eyes, through the nasal and oral cavities, after consuming milk from a sick mother.
Leptospira, once in the body of an animal, is carried through the blood vessels to the liver through blood vessels. There they multiply and spread to all organs. The first symptom of leptospirosis is an increase in temperature of 40-41.5C. The animal also has a depressed state, fatigue, lack of appetite, and intense thirst. The mucous membranes acquire a yellowish tint, and blood appears in the urine, which stains it in a brown color. A few days after the onset of the disease, bleeding sores appear on the skin of the infected dog and in the oral cavity, and conjunctivitis is visible in the corners of the eyes.
As soon as there is a suspicion that your pet has contracted leptospirosis, you should immediately consult a specialist. Leptospirosis should be treated only by a veterinarian. An attempt to cure an animal at home leads to his death. In addition, a sick dog poses a danger to its owner and the environment. To protect your pet from this disease, it is necessary to carry out preventive measures in the form of an annual vaccination.
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