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Worms in dogs

Helminthic infestation is a sick and very common problem. Parasites being in the animal’s body cause enormous damage, since by excreting waste products they cause intoxication of the body, which leads to the death of the animal.

Ways of infection.
Infection with parasites occurs in the following ways:

alimentary – when animals eat feed and drink water from inseminated insect worms;
transmissible – with bites of blood-sucking insects;
intrauterine – infection occurs from mother to fetus.
Dogs of all ages and breeds can become infected, but in puppies the disease is more severe.

Symptoms and clinical signs.
Worms parasitizing in the body (intestines) of the animal cause a number of the following symptoms:

constipation is followed by diarrhea;
appetite increases, and body weight decreases;
difficulty swallowing;
itching of the anus;
rashes on the skin;
feces mixed with mucus and blood;
the general condition and appearance of the animal worsen;
cough;
bloated puppies and loss of appetite. There are often cases when puppies on the contrary eat even inedible things.
Also in dogs, helminths are parasitic in the lungs and heart. Such helminths can lead to rapid fatigue, cardiovascular failure, cyanosis of the mucous membranes, pneumonia, blockage of blood vessels and bronchi, resulting in the death of the animal.

Initially, the disease can proceed without any special signs. And with a strong infestation of worms in the feces and around the anus, you can observe the eggs and the worms themselves, as well as the dog can tear worms. Often, severe infection can lead to blockage and death of the animal.

Diagnosis and treatment.
Diagnosis for helminthic infestations is based on clinical signs and laboratory examination of feces.

Anthelmintic drugs are used to treat helminthic infestations. There are frequent cases when the veterinarian also prescribes symptomatic treatment and diets.

Prevention of helminths in dogs.
Many types of worms can be transmitted from animals to humans. Therefore, it is better to conduct preventive deworming in a timely manner. It should be borne in mind that once and for all it is impossible to rid an animal of worms, therefore, prophylaxis is necessary once a quarter. The main means of prevention are tablets, powders and suspensions of a narrow and wide spectrum of action. To avoid worms in puppies, the bitch must be dewormed before mating. Also, before conducting various preventive vaccinations, it is necessary to deworm the animal in order to avoid side effects.

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