How to make a puppy’s life comfortable in your home?
The puppy you have chosen, in addition to instincts and temperament features, already has its own life experience. While it is still very small, but it already includes communication with both like oneself and with a person. The little doggie well understood that mom is food, warmth, care and protection. Brothers and sisters are not only partners in games, but also competitors, in communication with whom hierarchical behavior is first demonstrated. Puppies also perceive the familiar people who look after the bitch and her litter positively – as a source of food, attention, affection and fun.
It is proved that tiny puppies remember the touch of a person’s hands, its smell and warmth from the very first days of life. On the contrary, having received pain and discomfort from a person, babies begin to avoid it, reacting as a potential threat. In other words, the very first communication experience is of great importance for the formation of the necessary mental reactions and positive interaction with a person. Therefore, as I said, it is important to choose the right not only a good puppy, but also a worthy breeder.
As soon as you finally choose a puppy and take it in your hands – the responsibility for his life and health rests with you. Your duty is to ensure that the baby does not need anything and has everything necessary for a happy life. He should have fresh, nutritious food, clean water, his own corner and protection from the weather, and most importantly – your attention and love. Moving to a new place and the first days in a new house with strangers is the most significant event in the puppy’s short life. In addition, it is also a great test. And you, the owner, must do everything so that the trauma of the baby from separation from his mother, brothers and sisters is minimal.
Typically, puppies are transferred to their new owners at the age of 6–8 weeks. At this time, they are already quite independent and are less and less in need of maternal care. However, acquiring such a baby, you should become his breadwinner, and educator, and guard, and playmate. When buying a puppy, be sure to ask the breeder what food the puppy received, how often and in what quantity. It is very important to maintain food continuity at least during the first month of life in a new place. Try to prepare the necessary food in advance, get suitable plates for feed and water. It is good if you receive from the professionals detailed recommendations regarding the future diet of your growing pet. Keep in mind that dogs (especially puppies) often react to a sudden change in the feed of the digestive system. So, lethargy, diarrhea, vomiting, bloating and soreness can be observed.
How to make a puppy’s life comfortable in your house? If you get a puppy with documents, the breeder is obliged to hand you the first official document of your baby – a puppy card. This metric shows the dog’s name, registration number, breed, date of birth, surname and address of the breeder, as well as information about the new owners – surname, initials and address. The accuracy of the information must be certified by the seal of the club with its details. According to the rules, all puppies must be activated and have a mark (identification number) tattooed on the inside of their right leg. The puppy must be registered at the dog breeding club, and its puppy card must be exchanged for a personal pedigree until the dog reaches the age of 1 year. The responsible breeder will offer you comprehensive assistance in raising your baby, advise on initial education, vaccination, veterinary services, exhibition preparation, etc.
Before you pick up a puppy, you need to prepare for the appearance of a new tenant in your house. It is unacceptable to keep a puppy in a barn, pantry, bathroom and other rooms not specifically intended for housing. Do not place the dog in the garage – there is a place for a car smelling of gasoline and technical oils, and not for a sensitive living being.
If you decide to keep the baby in an open-air cage, then it must comply with basic hygiene standards and safety requirements. Remember that the enclosure must be equipped in such a way that it is suitable in the future for a large adult dog. That is why the minimum size of the fence should be at least 3×3 m, as the fenced area of smaller sizes does not allow the dog to develop normally. It is important that the territory of the enclosure has a slight slope for the flow of water, and the surface of the site should not be concrete or asphalt, which helps to maintain moisture. It is best to cover the territory of the enclosure by 2/3 with tightly fitted boards installed on the bars. The rest of the site can be grassed or covered with a layer of gravel.
Be sure to provide a canopy over the entire territory of the aviary, which will protect the dog from rain and sun. As a fence, a wire mesh is usually used, which is firmly concreted or deepened into the soil by 40-50 cm.