Puppy General Information
From birth, puppies feed on breast milk. This life-giving drink entirely ensures their development and growth over several weeks. Gradually, complementary foods are introduced into the diet of babies. Some breeders use boiled cow’s milk, and then rare semolina; others recommend feeding dogs from childhood ready-made on dry ready-made diets; the third, in the future, does not recognize anything other than raw meat as the first food and main food.
According to scientists studying animal physiology, the puppy’s digestive system is not yet fully formed during excommunication; it is not able to absorb large amounts of feed and is not able to properly digest starch. Puppies should not be offered large pieces of meat, fed cold, hot, salty, fatty foods, as well as food with a high content of indigestible fiber. If these requirements are not taken into account, then symptomatic digestive problems can develop into chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
It is known that large breeds of dogs are the embodiment of strength and power. But, oddly enough, their digestive system is characterized by increased sensitivity to the resulting food. This fact is explained, first of all, by the features of the anatomical structure: the intestines of large dogs are proportionally much shorter in size than in small dogs. In this regard, the evacuation of the contents of the small intestine occurs faster, which is manifested by such common syndromes as dyspeptic symptoms and flatulence.
For normal development, you must provide your fourth pet with a balanced diet containing proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals. A growing large breed puppy gains an average of 100-200 grams per day, increasing its weight from birth to a year old by 50-100 times. Up to three months, the puppy’s energy needs are more than double that of an adult dog. With eight months begins the period of active muscle formation, which also requires high energy costs. All this time, the musculoskeletal system is under tremendous strain, so the nutrition of a growing organism requires, first of all, a strictly balanced combination of calcium and phosphorus for the proper mineralization of bones, as well as special preparations for the formation of cartilage tissue of the joints.
General information about feeding a puppy The nuances of the diet depend on the specifics of a particular breed, which is usually taken into account by breeders. The puppy you just bought should eat the food you knew before. At least two weeks after acquiring a little friend, strictly follow all the instructions of the breeder regarding the menu and feeding regimen. Separation from mother and brothers are circumstances that are traumatic enough for the baby to aggravate them by an upset stomach from unusual food. In the future, if your puppy looks far from thin, feels comfortable and is gaining weight vigorously, there is no reason to refuse the recommended nutrition. Accordingly, increase the feed rate as the puppy grows. The baby’s feces should be formalized, which indicates the normal functioning of the intestine, coping with the incoming food.
Your ward should have two bowls – for food and for food. The most convenient dishes that do not cause allergies and odorless – clay or metal, coated with enamel. Cheap plastic bowls sold in pet stores, apart from their chemical origin, are very light and quickly deform. Often dogs turn or nibble them for fun. Leading manufacturers of pet products produce metal bowls with a special coating that preserves the freshness of products for a relatively long time.
Do not feed the puppy from the floor, but only from the stand. Food from the stand allows you to develop the correct stance, strengthens the metacarpus, and also accustoms the animal to accuracy. Regardless of age, the bowl should be raised from the floor at such a level that the dog reaches for the feed. At the pet store you can purchase a special stand with two bowls (for food and water), the height of which is easily adjustable.