Puppy Home Food Products
Experience shows that the dog needs a special diet that is different from the traditional menu of the master’s table. And first of all, the body of a growing puppy requires a large amount of complete protein contained in the tissues and organs of animals. A general lack of protein in food leads to nitrogen starvation, a decrease in the protective function of the immune system, hormonal disruptions, and a slowdown in the growth and weakness of the musculoskeletal system.
The most important source of complete protein is muscle meat. Some owners go to extremes and feed their animals exclusively meat food. However, an excess of protein in food is no less harmful than its lack, as it can cause toxic phenomena in the body, in which the liver and kidneys are most often affected. To maintain health in the diet of domestic dogs, meat should be 25–35% of the total calorie content of the feed.
The most suitable meat product for a sensitive stomach is boiled chicken without skin. For small puppies aged 1–2 months, you can also prepare a brace of very lean raw veal or young beef, which is fed in the form of small balls. A good meat feed is also lamb and low-fat mutton. Turkey and rabbit, beef and horse meat are also used for feeding puppies that have grown up. Raw meat is healthier than boiled meat, but it can only be fed to dogs after a veterinary examination of the carcass. The meat must be cut into pieces in accordance with the size of the dog or used in the form of minced meat. A puppy at the age of 1-2 months is fed 200 g of meat per day; from 2 to 4 months – 400 g; from 4 to 6 months – 500 g; from 6 months to 1 year – 600 g.
Adult dogs are happy to eat beef offal: meat trimmings, aperture, stomach, kidneys, liver, tongue, spleen, heart, lungs, trachea, udder. The diaphragm is close in its chemical composition to muscle meat and is very nutritious. The liver is an excellent dietary product, a source of complete protein and the richest natural source of vitamins. When it is frozen, the content of vitamin A decreases. The liver is especially useful for young animals, however, it has some laxative effect on the intestines. Sometimes larvae of parasitic worms are localized in the liver, therefore it is better to feed this product boiled. The heart, as a kind of muscle tissue, is a valuable meat product that contains B vitamins. The most valuable parts of the beef stomach are scar and abomasum. During processing, the stomach is cleaned of overcooked grass and thoroughly washed under running water. In fresh form, this offal is saturated with enzymes and beneficial microflora, and its specific smell and taste are very popular with dogs.
Lungs have a low calorie content, as they consist of a large amount of connective tissue. In case of unsatisfactory veterinary control, raw lungs can become a source of tuberculosis, therefore, their heat treatment is required. Boiled lungs need to be well crushed when feeding a dog to avoid vomiting. Kidneys cut along should be pre-soaked in cold water with its repeated change. The spleen is rich in essential amino acids, contains antibodies and enzymes. By nutrition, it is close to the liver, but it should be extremely fresh. An early sign of spleen damage is a darkening of the cut. The udder contains a large amount of fat, which determines its nutritional value. Brains contain a lot of lipids and choline, so they are fed to dogs with reduced condition and during physical exertion. This offal quickly deteriorates, acquiring a creamy consistency and an unpleasant odor. Brains, udders, spleen, lungs and kidneys should not be given to dogs with a sensitive stomach or for diseases of the digestive tract. These offal are introduced into the diet of healthy young dogs, starting from 6 months of age.
Puppy’s Home Food After a tooth change, the neck and head of broiler chickens are also a valuable food. Be sure to remove the beaks to avoid irritation and injury to the esophagus. Some owners previously “beat off” the head and neck with the blunt side of the ax to crush the bones. Dogs also enjoy eating chicken and turkey hearts, liver and stomachs (“navels”). Raw bird feet are best avoided, as puppies often swallow them whole. You can cook the meaty legs of broilers and, having cooled, peel the flesh from the seeds.
As a source of high-quality protein for dogs, you can successfully use peeled beef heads. They are chopped into large pieces and cooked in a large saucepan over low heat. After 2-3 hours of cooking, the meat is easily separated from the bones. When cooled, the broth hardens no worse than aspic, so this product can be fed in crushed form even to monthly puppies. In no case do not let the dogs chew on the remaining boiled bones of the beef skull, as they are very hard and can damage the digestive tract.