Vitamin and mineral supplements and dietary supplements
In addition to proteins, carbohydrates and lipids, vitamins and minerals must be present in the diet of dogs. Some of them are already found in food products, and the deficiency requires replenishment due to special additives (top dressing, premixes, Supplements).
Feeding can be divided into two large groups: chemically synthesized and natural. Natural sources of minerals include finely ground egg shells, bone, meat and bone meal and fish meal, as well as calcium from shells of marine mollusks. Fish oil is traditionally used as a natural source of fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E. A useful feed supplement and sources of B vitamins is extract from yeast.
Keep in mind that the usefulness of such top dressing of natural origin is directly related to the quality of their natural sources. For example, fish oil can do much more harm than good, since marine fish are increasingly becoming a source of accumulation of hazardous substances (oil products, heavy metals, industrial poisons) in an environmental disaster.
Bone and meat and bone meal is often made from the carcasses of culled or dead animals and can become a source of infection with dangerous diseases. That is why for feeding dogs use sterilized bone and meat and bone meal, disinfected by high temperatures.
Egg shells are added to the powder of dogs, which are crushed to powder, as there is little use for pieces passing through the digestive cycle. It is easiest to turn the shell into a “flour” on a coffee grinder. In order to avoid infection with salmonellosis, the shell of boiled eggs is used.
As for tablets containing brewer’s yeast, dogs with a sensitive stomach react to their introduction into the diet by flatulence and loose stools. To enhance the intensity of tanning, owners of Rottweilers and Dobermans have long used seaweed. Some dogs enjoy eating a salad of these dark green algae, others flatly refuse to chew this “gift of the sea”, and for others, sea kale causes digestive problems.
Experienced dog breeders are probably familiar with drugs such as gluconate and calcium glycerophosphate, sold in the “human” pharmacy. Modern breeders practically do not use them, however, I have repeatedly witnessed how these simple preparations saved the lives of puppies.
… About 8 years ago they brought me a 4-month-old German Shepherd puppy named Dick as a candidate for euthanasia. In a private and rather expensive veterinary clinic, the baby was given a terrible diagnosis – dysplasia of the hip joints. The puppy really had a bad look: the ears hung like a donkey, the front paws were very soft, bent in the manner of rubber, metacarpal, and the dog did not stand on its hind legs, moving in the manner of rabbit jumps. On the ribs in the places of articulation with the sternum, I felt thickenings – “rosary”. I ask the owners: “Did you do an X-ray to confirm dysplasia?” “No, they answer, they didn’t.” How, I think, did these “miracle doctors” diagnose? And they offer to put to sleep! I began to feel the puppy, to rotate and pull its legs in the hip joints. Dick is silent, does not whine and does not cry. And with dysplasia, pain is a sure sign of destructive changes in the cartilage. I tell the owners: “This is not dysplasia. But rather it looks like rickets. If the dog is dear to you, you will have to tinker with it for several months. ” This family had little money, so the treatment recipe consisted of calcium gluconate, calcium glycerophosphate and phytin as mineral preparations, and vitamins A and D2 in oil as catalysts. The owners also tried to increase the share of meat products in the diet by buying a stomach, beef heads, chicken necks, and liver. At my insistence, at least one feeding was replaced by a handful of high-quality dry food. The head of the family was so imbued with responsibility that he himself did massage of his pet’s paws, gradually increased the duration of walks, moving from unhurried movement to a quick step, and then to running. And after six months, there was no trace of threatening symptoms. The physical development and beauty of the dog could be envied by many German shepherd lovers. That’s how the owner’s love, combined with calcium phosphate, saved the dog’s life.
The range of synthetic preparations containing minerals, vitamins or their complex is unusually wide. Various manufacturers offer similar top dressings for dogs in the form of powder, tablets or liquid (spray).
The loose form of top dressing is the most traditional. However, many dogs resolutely refuse food, in which top-dressing in powder form is poured. Supplements in tablets are more convenient to dose, following the manufacturer’s recommendations on the packaging. Usually flavors and flavor enhancers are added to the composition of the tablets, so more accommodating dogs eat them themselves, and you can simply stick the tablets in the throat or make them swallow with pieces of the preferred food.