The amount of food for dogs and food allergies
The recommended dry feed rate is usually indicated on the packaging by the manufacturer. Keep in mind that when feeding a dog with Super Premium food, you need half the daily norm than when using less expensive Economy class food.
With traditional homemade food, the amount of feed eaten is regulated by the dog’s appetite. The biological mechanism itself, which provides targeted behavior to meet the needs of the body in substances coming from food, must in its function control the optimal nutrition of the animal. However, this regulatory system is very sensitive to all kinds of influences and can be disrupted, like any physiological mechanism of self-regulation. Four-legged pets are so spoiled in their food preferences that they eat only one type of food, the usefulness of which can be called into question. According to scientists, the real reasons for food preferences and their changes do not always lie in the desire to satisfy the urgent needs of the body for certain food substances. Often this is a behavioral problem, exacerbated by the erroneous actions of the owners.
Many dog handlers believe that the dog should eat the entire norm without fail, absorbing food quickly, with obvious pleasure and leaving a shiny, almost perfectly clean bowl after a few minutes. Fasting days and active exercise contribute to good appetite. Do not let your dog show choosiness in food. If she has not eaten the offered food, remove it and do not give anything until the next feeding. Hunger activates the appetite of your restless pet. And you, having shown patience, will achieve that the puppy ate the offered food to the last crumb (if, of course, he is not sick).
The following factors influence the need for food: ambient temperature, gender, age, constitution, physiological condition, muscular activity and the degree of activity of the dog, as well as metabolic characteristics. The harder the work performed by the dog, the higher the need for energy. So, a working dog, which actively fulfills its duties during the day and sleeps in a cold kennel at night, will need a double ration compared to a pet who is spending his life on a soft sofa. In the summer season, the daily energy requirement is reduced by an average of 15%. Due to the intensive metabolism, males consume comparatively more energy than bitches, and young animals more than adults. A growing body requires 220 calories per day per 1 kg of weight, and a sedentary adult dog needs only 95 calories. So, a five-month-old German shepherd puppy weighing 18 kg needs twice the rate of an adult bull terrier of the same weight. Dry, muscular dogs need high-calorie foods to ensure vital processes than animals loose and obese. Temperament also affects energy requirements (dogs with mild excitability usually consume more calories).
Feed your dog regularly at the same hours, observing the frequency of feedings and maintaining breaks between them. So, a puppy under the age of 6 weeks is fed 6 times a day; from 6 weeks to 3 months – 4 times; from 3 to 6 months – 3 times; after 6 months – 2 times. Small puppies are fed for the first time at 6-7 a.m.; the last time – at 22-23 hours. It is desirable that the last feeding consisted of meat, which lingers in the stomach longer. A well-fed baby will sleep peacefully and not disturb his master.
Before active work, exhibition, training of dogs they do not feed, but give only a small amount of high-calorie food. After exercise, they provide rest for an hour, and only then offer food. Two-time feeding of adult dogs allows the animal to maintain satiety during the day, does not load and does not stretch the stomach.
The amount of food for dogs and food allergies The acceptability of a particular diet is the prerogative of the owners. In many kennels, dogs grow successfully, give birth to puppies and live to a very old age, receiving only dry industrial food. Other owners feed only “natural” food.
For example, the veterinarian and owner of the Kay White breeding dogs, as the main home food for a large adult dog weighing 30–35 kg, suggests using the following daily food ration: 500 g of boiled meat, 500 g of dried gray bread, cereal or crumbled biscuits, 2 teaspoons of sterilized bone meal, 2 drops of fresh fish oil.
Douglas B. Oliff, the owner of a kennel of luxurious bullmastiffs, builds his dogs exclusively on separate food. The author reports that this approach to nutrition eliminates many problems with the digestive system, in particular, such a terrible life-threatening condition as a twist (torsion) of the stomach. Veterinarians know that bloating and flatulence often occur due to increased enzymatic processes and fermentation caused by the simultaneous eating of carbohydrate and protein foods.