The dog’s attitude to its owner is one of the important, and often the dominant, aspect of the animal’s behavior. However, why does one dog obey its master and the other not? How to make the training process effective? How to learn to understand your dog? And how to instill in him the necessary skills?
The answer is unusual, but at the same time simple. In order to achieve mutual understanding with your dog and achieve success in training, you just need to learn how to think like a dog. Our wonderful dogs are deprived of a second signaling system, that is, speech, and therefore cannot tell us in words about their desires, sorrows, joys, pain or longing. However, we can still try to understand them by looking at the world through the eyes of a dog.
Do not hope that at the age of one you will bring your pet to the training site and he will immediately be taught to the mind. Re-educating a growing up dog that is not used to obeying is much more difficult than educating a baby step by step. That is why I believe that the foundations of upbringing and initial training should be laid as soon as the puppy is comfortable in your home. As they grow older, the puppy accumulates life experience, which consists in responding to a particular situation, and over time, repeated forms of behavior turn into stereotypes. At the same time, I note that the puppy’s actions are dictated primarily by his own “considerations,” and therefore often do not coincide with your desires and requirements. Remember: teaching a dog “from scratch” is always easier than retraining.
The training process should be consistent and focused. Prohibit the puppy from doing something that you will not allow an adult dog. From childhood, he must adopt a code of conduct for human habitation and society. Be patient and persistent. Do not expect from the three-month-old puppy the same results as from the six-month-old. At the age of 10 months, the dog may look completely adult, but you should not think that at the same time it will behave like a solid, mature animal. For most large breeds, the average age for maturation is 2 years. Dogs, mastiffs, schnauzers, black terriers and other giants of the canine world mature later, finally shaping their exterior and psychological portrait only after three years of age.
Dogs are endowed with a primitive mind, but it does not look like a human mind. Moreover, they cannot understand a word from what people say. That is why you can train your dog in any language of the peoples of the world, or you can replace the generally accepted voice commands with any chosen words or even abstract sounds. So, as a command to attack, trainers use a wide variety of words (“Fas!”, “Take!”, “Jackal!”, “Kill!”, “Tear!”) Or hissing-whistling sounds made in a certain tone. One of the reasons why traditional commands are replaced with code words is that no one but the owner can command this dog. This is especially important for working dogs used for protection in real conditions. Using non-standard words for teams, you can be sure that an attacker will not be able to verbally neutralize your dog.
In the process of training, dogs learn to understand commands as a result of combining frequently repeated words with the desired action. At the same time, animals have a certain “sixth” feeling that helps to quickly understand the nature, mood and even the state of human health. In a way, this is akin to our intuition. Using this feeling in combination with highly developed instinct and instinctive knowledge, dogs immediately assess the degree of dominance of a person, his emotional background, and even the nature of the flow of metabolism. For example, scientists have found that dogs can “predict” an attack of epilepsy, which has become widely used in special training. It is known that even a small puppy feels nervousness, insecurity or dissatisfaction with its owner. And such negative emotions are the surest way to make a dog fearful, rebellious or unbalanced. That is why in the upbringing and daily communication with the dog the main thing is a positive attitude and patience. Remember, you are a creator, and your little pupil is a sponge that absorbs both good and negative.
However, do not give your dog the ability to distinguish between good and bad, right and wrong. These concepts do not exist in the animal world, guided by instincts and conditioned reflexes. Moral assessment of actions is a purely human prerogative. The dog does not understand that doing a puddle on the carpet is bad; that clawing the front door with claws is also bad; it is bad to rummage in a bin, it is bad to pick up bones on the street, it is bad to bark at a neighbor’s cat. Remember: you can explain the rules of behavior to the dog not by long, confusing notations, but by purposeful training with modeling of practical situations, moving from simple to complex. Remember also that the value of things and interior items for your pet also means nothing.