Teaching your puppy basic commands
Trainers know that each team has its own optimal training time. A two-month-old puppy easily learns the positive skills associated with any activity. It is easy to teach him to run up to the call, give a paw, run after the ball. However, with such a crumb it is quite difficult to work on exposure. A similar feature is associated with the simultaneous development of excitatory and inhibitory systems of the brain. In other words, an active and restless puppy hardly learns inhibitory and prohibitive commands. If you start forced training for endurance before the age of three months, then in the best case a lot of effort will be expended with a minimum of results, in the worst – a breakdown of the nervous system will occur, requiring termination of classes. However, even a small puppy must learn to control its behavior.
Learning begins at home, in a well-known environment – so the baby will be less distracted by foreign objects, sounds and smells. The lesson will be ineffective if the dog wants to sleep, has just eaten or has played too much. As a food promotion, stock up on delicious slices of boiled liver, vitamin drops, or dry food pellets. Be nice and calm, so that the young student will feel your approval and not be nervous.
If your baby is already 2 months old, then you can easily teach him the “Sit!” Team. To do this, take a piece of the treat and, holding it above the puppy’s head, slowly take your hand back. Trying to reach for food, the puppy will throw its head back and, in order not to fall on its back, will sit down. Once this has happened, praise him in a soft tone (“Good! Sit!”) And give the reward. If not everything is going smoothly, do not fall into despair and in no case do not punish the puppy. Try the exercise again. Do not force the puppy to remain in a sitting position for too long – at first 5 seconds are enough. At the end of the lesson, let the kid understand that he is free – joyfully command “Take a walk!” and simultaneously make a gesture with your hand away from you.
An introduction to the training course of such a “liberating” team is necessary, as it puts the dog in rest mode and relieves stress. Remember that the dog should never arbitrarily cancel the execution of the command – for example, jump from a lying position or, conversely, go to bed when you gave the command “Sit!”. Only the owner has the right to cancel a team. Team “Walk!” means that the dog can behave on its own. Over time, when the puppy grows up, you can relieve stress by replacing a static command with a dynamic one and combining, for example, the Sit! Command and “To me!”. Such an approach greatly disciplines the dog, making it more attentive and complaisant.
Repeat the exercise “Sit!” 2-3 times a day, no more. Otherwise, studying can quickly bore your pet. Work with enthusiasm. If the baby is mistaken, then correct him without irritation and negativity. Be sure to consider the characteristics of the temperament of your pet. It is easier for phlegmatic and heavy mastiffs, Great Dane, Saint Bernards, Newfoundlands to master static poses than restless Dobermans and terriers, who at first are able to sit still for only a few seconds. However, this will be your common little victory.
The command “Lie down!” work out a little later. It is especially difficult for active and restless breeds (terriers, Dobermans, Dalmatians), in which the processes of nervous regulation (excitation and inhibition) are not balanced. However, in any case, the effect on the puppy should not be tough and ultimate. Explicit coercion cannot be applied. You can not punish the baby. You can’t get annoyed. You must remember that the puppy’s unformed mind is vulnerable and impressionable, and negative experience can subsequently cause difficult to eradicate phobias. At such a young age, perfection cannot be expected from a puppy – a “clean” execution of a command is impossible for the baby. Your most important function is to show the right path. If at first the puppy does at least part of the exercise, at least a symbolic movement, at least an attempt – be sure to praise him!
Hold the treat in front of the puppy’s nose, then lower it lower, while stretching your hand forward and thereby forcing the puppy to reach for treats. Hold the baby by the back and at the same time give the command “Lie down!”. It is possible that the pupil will not immediately settle in an exemplary pose. He can only stretch his neck and fall on his front paws, while the tail and croup will stick up. Gently press the back of the puppy to the floor. And if the baby jumps on all four legs, you have to start all over again. When the dog finally lies down, praise him (“Good, lie!”) And give the treat. Let the puppy remain in this position for several seconds, and at this time you do not forget to praise him in a gentle voice. Then release the puppy with the “Walk!” Command.