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So, you have weighed the pros and cons, and decided to get a little puppy. You feel the need to track its growth and development, “fashioning” your future friend day after day. But how to recognize among the tiny living lumps of someone who will become a welcome pet, and will not bring many disappointments into your life? How to choose a puppy so that subsequently you do not regret what you did?
The first step towards finding your dream dog is a thorough analysis and selection of the breed, taking into account their advantages and disadvantages. Assume also that you have decided on the gender of your dog. And now, having already a fairly clear idea of the baby, think again: how do you see the future of your dog?
Choosing owners for my puppies, I noticed that potential buyers are primarily interested in their appearance. The least familiar with the standards opt for the largest and plump kid; the most sophisticated – try to acquire the most pedigree puppy. Continue reading
The responsible breeder is obliged to prepare the bitch for future motherhood by conducting antihelminthic therapy (deworming) and vaccination against infectious diseases a month before the alleged estrus. At the same time, born puppies receive, with the first portion of mother’s milk (colostrum), the most important basis for passive clostral immunity – ready-made antibodies that protect them during infancy. Thanks to this natural mechanism, the safety of suckling puppies from viruses and bacteria is ensured. If the necessary vaccinations have not been given to the mother, the amount of antibodies (antibody titer) in the puppies’ blood is markedly reduced, which affects the viability of the babies.
At the age of 4 to 12 weeks, the puppy’s immune system goes through a critical period of development. The number of immune bodies transmitted with breast milk (colostrum) is gradually decreasing, while their own immune defenses are not yet fully formed. In such a vulnerable condition, the baby stays until the full program of preventive vaccinations, which the owner of the puppy is required to complete, is completed. Continue reading
In addition to proteins, carbohydrates and lipids, vitamins and minerals must be present in the diet of dogs. Some of them are already found in food products, and the deficiency requires replenishment due to special additives (top dressing, premixes, Supplements).
Feeding can be divided into two large groups: chemically synthesized and natural. Natural sources of minerals include finely ground egg shells, bone, meat and bone meal and fish meal, as well as calcium from shells of marine mollusks. Fish oil is traditionally used as a natural source of fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E. A useful feed supplement and sources of B vitamins is extract from yeast.
Keep in mind that the usefulness of such top dressing of natural origin is directly related to the quality of their natural sources. For example, fish oil can do much more harm than good, since marine fish are increasingly becoming a source of accumulation of hazardous substances (oil products, heavy metals, industrial poisons) in an environmental disaster. Continue reading